Koltsova-Mosalska Olena Mykhaylivna, maiden name - Gika, Princess, 1828 - 1888

An artist of Russia and Western Europe, one of the most prominent women in the Eastern Europe of the •§•th century. Born in Bucharest, the daughter of Prince Mihay Gika and the niece of the Moldovian owner Grygoriy IV Gika. She received a brilliant all-round education, which she continued abroad. She studied painting in Dresden, Vienna, Venice a...

An artist of Russia and Western Europe, one of the most prominent women in the Eastern Europe of the •§•th century. Born in Bucharest, the daughter of Prince Mihay Gika and the niece of the Moldovian owner Grygoriy IV Gika. She received a brilliant all-round education, which she continued abroad. She studied painting in Dresden, Vienna, Venice and Berlin. In the capital of Prussia she made a strong impression on Olexander von Humboldt with her knowledge of the Greek language. In 1849 she arrived in Yassy (then the part of the Russian Empire), where she married a Russian officer, Prince O. Koltsov-Mosalskyy. She spent several years in Russia. In St. Petersburg she was leading an active artistic life. She exhibited her works at the exhibitions of the Academy of Arts and received awards for two landscapes. For health reasons she left Russia and travelled a lot. First she went to Switzerland, later to Greece and Anatolia. She settled in a villa in Florence, where he lived until her death, occasionally making trips to France, Ireland and the USA. She was a member of many European scientific societies, in particular Р of the Italian Academy. Under the pseudonym Dora D'Istria in 1855 she entered literary pursuits. The author of numerous works devoted to the position of women in society and a number of articles concerning the history of art, literature, political, social and religious issues in magazines and newspapers of almost all European countries. She received the title of "The Great Citizen" from the Greek parliament and the honorary citizenship from many Italian cities. In 1885 she climbed with a guide to the tops of Mont Blanc and Menh in the Alps, becoming the first Russian climber. The majority of her paintings are devoted to the images of nature and architecture of different countries of the European south. She worked in the artistic direction of biedermeier, her painting differs with delicate lines and intense colour.

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