Dobuzhynskyy Mstislav Valerianovich, 1875 - 1957

One of the best Russian graphic artists of the early twentieth century, book illustrator, theatre artist, painter. Born in Novgorod in the family of Lieutenant-General of artillery V. Dobuzhynskyy. He spent his childhood in St. Petersburg. During 1884 - 1885 he studied at the painting school of the Society for the Artists’ Promotion. In 1895 he ...

One of the best Russian graphic artists of the early twentieth century, book illustrator, theatre artist, painter. Born in Novgorod in the family of Lieutenant-General of artillery V. Dobuzhynskyy. He spent his childhood in St. Petersburg. During 1884 - 1885 he studied at the painting school of the Society for the Artists’ Promotion. In 1895 he began to study in the school of Princess M. Tyenisheva, then - in the schools of M.Dmitriev-Orenburzkyy and L. Dmitriev-Cavkazskyy. In the years of 1899 - 1901 he studied under the supervision of A. Ashbe in Munich, where he made friends with I. Grabar. After his returning to St. Petersburg he attended the academic workshop of V. Mate, where he studied engraving. In 1902, with the support of I. Grabar, he entered the circle of artists "The World of Art". During 1900 – 1910 he traveled around the cities of Russia and Western Europe, wrote landscapes with architectural motifs, paintings of historical themes. He completed many illustrations to the editions of O. Pushkin, A. Remizov, M. Lermontov. He participated in the exhibitions of "The World of Art", the Union of Russian Artists,  New Company of Artists, M. Makovsky’s Salon, as well as in the foreign exhibitions in Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Milan, Rome and others. Since 1907 he designed the dramatic performances for the theatres of Moscow and St. Petersburg, he worked as an artist in Paris theatrical enterprise of S. Dyahylyev. He taught in the Academy of Arts, in the schools of E. Zvantseva (later - "The School of Bakst and Dobuzhynskyy") and of Princess Gagarina (later - "New Art Workshop"). In 1938 on M. Chekhov's invitation he went to London, where he worked in the Chekhov Theatre School, in 1939 he left for the USA with the theater troupe. Later he was mainly occupied with theatre set design, designed the performances for the theatres of America and Europe, worked for the cinema. He communicated with many figures of Russian emigration, remained great epistolary and literary heritage. He is buried on the cemetery of Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois.

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