Benois Alexandr Nikolaievich, 1870 – 1960

A famous Russian painter, graphic artist, stage designer, art historian and art critic. Born in St. Petersburg in the family of the academician of architecture M. Benois. For a certain period of time, he studied at St. Petersburg Academy of Arts and was learning to draw under the tutelage of his elder brother, a famous Russian watercolorist A. B...

A famous Russian painter, graphic artist, stage designer, art historian and art critic. Born in St. Petersburg in the family of the academician of architecture M. Benois. For a certain period of time, he studied at St. Petersburg Academy of Arts and was learning to draw under the tutelage of his elder brother, a famous Russian watercolorist A. Benois. In 1894 first appeared as a theoretician and historian of art. At the end of the 1890Хs became an organizer and an ideologist of the art association "Mir Iskusstva" (World of Art). He participated in all exhibitions of the Association and founded the same-name magazine. In 1903 he joined the Union of Russian Artists. HeХs one of the co-founders of the new Russian school of book graphics, and made illustrations to O. Pushkin's works “The Bronze Horseman” and “The Queen of Spades”. In 1902 he turned down to stage design activity. In 1908 began working with S. Diaghilev, having created the design sketches for M. Mussorgsky's opera “Boris Godunov” and in 1909 headed the art division of the non-repertory company of the Russian Ballet, where he played a significant role as a painter and author-stage director of the performances. During 1913-1915 worked as an art director in Moscow Art Theatre, was a designer of the performances for the Bolshoi and Mariinsky Theatre, etc. In 1926 he left the USSR. Lived in Paris and worked over the sketches of theatrical scenery and costumes for the troupe of I. Rubinstein, Comedie Francaise and Grand Opera in Paris, La Scala in Milan and others. His works are kept in the State Museum of Russian Art, the State Tretyakov Gallery, the State Central Theatre Museum and Museum of Benois family.

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