Delaunay Sonia (real name - Sarah Illinichna (Eliivna) Stern), 1885 - 1979

French artist of Ukrainian origin, painter, graphic artist and scene-designer. Eminent figure of European avant-garde. Born in Odessa, she had been living in Saint Petersburg since 1890. In 1903 - 1904 she studied at Academy of Arts in Karlsruhe (Germany), and since 1905 - at La Palette Academy in Paris. Together with her husband, painter P. Del...

French artist of Ukrainian origin, painter, graphic artist and scene-designer. Eminent figure of European avant-garde. Born in Odessa, she had been living in Saint Petersburg since 1890. In 1903 - 1904 she studied at Academy of Arts in Karlsruhe (Germany), and since 1905 - at La Palette Academy in Paris. Together with her husband, painter P. Delaunay, she developed principles of picturesque orphism (variety of Cubism). In 1913 she presented her works at the salon of the Independent ones. She experimented in the field of applied and decorative arts, book illustrations, created sketches for costumes and decorations (in particular, for non-repertory theater of S. Diaghilev). Solo exhibitions were held in Stockholm (1916), Bilbao (1919), Berlin (1920). In 1924 she opened a fashion house in Paris, where she demonstrated designs of clothes and accessories, fabric designs, sketches for interior designs etc. In 1925 she participated in Decorative Arts Exhibition in Paris, after which she became famous. In 1937 she won gold medal for interior decoration of French showroom at Decorative Arts Exhibition in Paris. In 1938 her big solo exhibition was held in Amsterdam. In 1939 together with her husband she became a founder of avant-garde salon "New reality". She was the first female painter, whose solo retrospective exhibition of works was held at the Louvre during her lifetime. (1964). Major exhibitions were also held in German Kunsthalle Bielefeld (1958) and Museum of Modern Art in Paris (1967 - 1968). From the middle1960s exhibitions of the painter were regularly held around the globe. In 1975 she got most significant award of France - National Order of the Legion of Honor. Her works are kept in various art museums of the world, in particular, big collections are kept at Centre Pompidou and Museum of Modern Art (both - Paris). Despite of the fact that Sonia Delaunay went down in history as a painter of Ukrainian origin, collections of state museums don't have her works.

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